The training part 3



"To practise an overload using a deep centre forward"

Before the following exercises start, the players have done a warming-up, followed by exercises in which technical skills are trained by making a lot of ball-contact



Exercise 1:

through-pass to the centre forward, followed by a 1 v. 1 (+goalkeeper)


Diagram 1



  • cones are put down conform drawing 1 & 2. Two cones on the 22-line, two on the midline, together forming a trapezium.
  • One player (offence) on the midline, one attacker with a marker at the 22-line.
  • Balls outside the front cones
  • continue turning: attackers switch places, defenders switch players. After several minutes, new defenders are chosen.

The exercise


  1. player A starts the exercise by passing in on player B.
  2. player B dribbles a few steps, meanwhile looking for eye-to-eye contact with player C. Player C tries to make himself free by using a dummy-run
  3. Passer B gives a through-pass to centre-forward C
  4. C receives the ball, tries to outplay the defender and
  5. finishes on goal


Technical & tactical remarks

Player B:

  • try to keep vision on the position of the attacker.
  • Dribble the ball in a way that a pass can be given every moment, don't dribble to fast, but keep moving with the ball
  • The pass should be fast and flat, easy for B to receive
  • When the centre-forward wants to receive the ball 'open' the pass should be well outside (diagram 1)

Player C:

  • to lose your opponent, make only one, maybe two dummies. More dummies makes it unclear for the passer where and when to pass the ball
  • make clear to the passer where and when you want to receive the ball, by using eye-to-eye contact or by pointing out with your stick or hand, finger or head (these are called leads)
  • Running free from your opponent needs fast and explosive turning and running
  • Diagram 1 shows a way of getting free from your opponent. The attacker tries to take the marker to one side, making himself space on the other side.


  • the man-marker starts behind the attacker.
  • Main purpose is not to be outplayed by C


Exercise 2:

"Overload 3 - 1 (+ goalkeeper) or 2 - 1 (+ goalkeeper) "

 Diagram 2


  • cones are at the same spot as in the previous exercise. To make the exercise more difficult, move the front cones closer to each other, till the 4 cones form a square.
  • Two players (offence, A & B) at the back cones, one centre-forward (C) with a man-marker between the front cones.
  • continue turning from A to B to C. 2 or 3 defenders switch after every attack

The exercise


  1. Centre-forward C comes free from his opponent
  2. Player A passes in on C
  3. C passes the ball back to B (one or two touches)
  4. C runs deep trying to lose his marker and to receive a through-pass from A or B; B tries to pass in on C or decides to give a square pass to A, who tries to pass in on C
  5. C receives the ball. A and B follow to support C. (Note: players A and B are only allowed to support, after they have passed in on player C near the circle). The attackers try to score in this 3 - 1 (+goalkeeper) situation.

Remarks about the organisation


  • to make the exercise more difficult, the trainer can use a time-restriction. If the offence has to score in (for instants) 10 seconds, in the beginning the trainer has to count down the seconds out loud.


Technical & tactical remarks


  • the exercise has to be performed with good technical skill. Especially the first few passes are often neglected and performed sloppy.
  • To outplay defence quickly, try to pass in on the centre forward as soon as possible



  • player C is allowed to pass back on either of players A or B
  • only one midfield player (A or B) is allow to support C in the attack, making the attack a 2 v. 1 (+goalkeeper). If C passes back to A, B will support in the attack. In this last variation, player C can run deep or takes position to be able to receive a square pass from the midfielder, outplaying the defender on midfield.

Exercise 3:

"Overload 4 v. 2 (+ goalkeeper)"

 Diagram 3


  • cones are in the same position as in the previous exercises. To make it more easy, make the square larger
  • Extra: between 22 and circle an extra attacker and marker are added compared to exercise 3

The exercise


  1. pass from midfielder B on the incoming C
  2. C passes back on player A (or back to player B)
  3. player A gives a square pass to player B. From this moment on the overload 4 v. 2 must be played out by the attackers
  4. the deepest forward (D) and forward C take position to receive the ball from midfield
  5. midfielder B has the opportunity to immediately pass in on a forward player, or to play back to A who tries to reach the forwards.

Remarks about the organisation


  • don't make the space between the front cones to small. Possibility is to remove both front cones.


Technical & tactical remarks



  • for the deep-forwards it is important to make as much space as they can for the midfielders either to pass or to run through. This can be done by taking position deep and/or square
  • To outplay defence, passing the ball is better than running with the ball



  • both defenders have to decide how to defend as soon as possible. The goalkeeper has a leading role in this. He has to coach the defenders. He can for example decide when to switch from a man-to-man marking to a zone-defence.
  • To make it hard for the attack in the beginning, defender C can decide to put immediate pressure on player A or B, after they received the ball back from C (diagram 4, pass 2). Disadvantage is, when he is outplayed on midfield, there is more space for the attackers in front.



  • Also this exercise can easily be turned into a 3 v. 2 situation, just by ignoring A or B to join the attack

End of training

To end the training we always play a little game. An overload can also be the main ingredient of this last exercise. For example:

 diagram 3



"Right to attack with two neutral player on the goal-line"

Game 4 v. 4 (or 3 v. 3, 5 v. 5). Two neutral players on the goal-line left and right from the goal, goalkeeper on goal. The team in ball-possession has to earn the right to attack on goal by dribbling the ball outside the 22-meter area. The other team has to prevent this by trying to take ball-possession themselves. The team with right to attack is allowed to score a goal, using the neutral player on the goal-line.



  • there is always a team who has the right to attack. So, if the team without ball-possession has the right to attack, and they regain the ball, they
  • don't have to dribble outside the 22 before scoring.
  • The players on the goal-line are allowed to score, but are not allowed to get inside the field more than 3 meters.

Good luck!!


Znalostní databáze


12 3 4 >

Znalostní databáze


12 3 4 >

Trenérský web

Nacházíte se v části stránek Českého pozemního hokeje, které jsou učeny trenérům pozemního hokeje. Pokud máme možnost jakkoli využívat moderních informačních technologií k propagaci a dalšímu vzdělávání samostudiem, případně výměnu zkušeností, je třeba toho využít. Obsah stránek je zaměřen na:

1) informace o seminářích a školeních, včetně možnosti se online přihlásit a zaregistrovat,
články s populárně naučným obsahem,

2) trenérskou znalostní databázi, která obsahuje tréninková cvičení, video ukázky, nebo metodické rady a pokyny k trénování všeobecně,

3) adresář trenérů.

Doufáme, že trenérský web bude cenným nástrojem nejen pro plánování tréninkového procesu všech kategorií, ale zároveň velkou inspiraci a motor pro vlastní práci na poli trenérském